Stress is a nonspecific (abnormal) state or the body’s response to various adverse factors (stressors) affecting it. Small stressful situations are necessary for a person, as they play an important role in further favorable changes in the life of the person himself. This is due to the release of adrenaline into the human bloodstream during a stressful situation, as well as other biochemical reactions that contribute to a person solving a particular task. In addition to its positive effects, stress can also contribute to negative consequences. When a person is constantly exposed to stressful situations, his or her body wastes its strength (energy), which leads to its rapid exhaustion. Since all the organs are under stress, they are more susceptible to secondary adverse factors, such as disease. Thus scientists have established two main types of stress – eustress (positive stress) and distress (negative stress). For stress management sometimes prescribed:

Causes of stress

There are a great many causes of stress, as each person has their own individual body, psyche, way of life, therefore, one and the same factor on one person may not affect at all, or produce a minor effect, while another person literally gets sick, for example – a conflict with another person. The most popular causes and/or factors of stress are:

A conflict situation with another person – at work, at home, with friends, or with strangers altogether, a fight;
dissatisfaction – with their appearance, people around them, success at work, self-realization in the world, the environment (home, work), standard of living;
a small living wage, lack of money, debts;
a long absence of vacation and proper rest from daily affairs, everyday life;
routine life with little or no positive emotions, changes;
long-term chronic diseases, especially affecting the appearance, as well as diseases of relatives
death of a relative or just a close or familiar person;
lack of vitamins and trace elements in the body;
watching heartwarming movies or, on the contrary, horror movies;
problems in sexual life;
frequent fears, especially of deadly diseases (cancer), the opinion of other people, old age, a small pension;
excessive physical activity, or adverse environmental conditions (cold, heat, rainy weather, high or low atmospheric pressure)
sudden change of environment – moving to another place of residence, change of job;
heavy music;
other reasons or situations that can catch or irritate a person.
Symptoms of stress

Among the most popular reactions of the body to stress, are:

Unreasonable and frequent attacks of irritability, anger, dissatisfaction with the people around the person, the environment, the world;
lethargy, weakness, depression, passive attitude and unwillingness to communicate with people, even with family and friends, rapid fatigue, unwillingness to do anything
insomnia, restless sleep;
inability to relax, constant tension of the nervous system, the physical body
attacks of fear, panic;
poor concentration of attention, lethargy, difficulty in understanding ordinary things, reduced intellectual capacity, memory problems, stuttering;
lack of confidence in oneself and others, fidgeting;
frequent desire to cry and sob, longing, self-pity;

Lack of desire to eat food, or, on the contrary, an excessive desire to eat;
nervous tics, unspecific desire to bite nails, bite lips
increased sweating, increased excitability, digestive system disorders (diarrhea, nausea, vomiting), skin itching, headache, dizziness, palpitations, chest discomfort, breathing problems, choking sensations, spikes in body temperature, chills, numbness or tingling in the extremities
– Increased interest in alcohol, drugs, smoking, computer games and other things that previously the person was not particularly interested in.
Phases of stress

The development of stress occurs in three phases:

Mobilization. The body responds to the stressor with anxiety and mobilizes its defenses and resources to confront the stressor.
Confrontation. The body confronts the stressor, the person actively seeks a way out of it.
Exhaustion. When a person is exposed to a stressor for a long time, the body begins to deplete and becomes vulnerable to secondary threats (various diseases).