The disease affects the inner ear.
Another name for this section of the hearing organ is the labyrinth. The pathology develops by increasing the volume of fluid (endolymphs) in the labyrinth, as a result of which this fluid begins to exert intense pressure on the areas responsible for balance and the ability to navigate in space.
As a rule, the disease affects one ear, but over time it can progress and take on a two-way character, so says Dr. Denis Slinkin.
This is the case in fifteen percent of cases. The disease is most often diagnosed in adults between the ages of thirty and fifty. This pathology is very rare in childhood. Medical statistics show that the disease occurs in one person in a thousand. Both men and women are equally affected. It is also necessary to distinguish between Meniere's disease and Meniere syndrome.
Disease is a disease in its own right that requires certain therapy.
Meniere's syndrome is secondary. It is one of the symptoms of another disease, such as labyrinthitis.
In this case it is necessary to treat not the syndrome itself, but the primary disease. Depending on the symptoms, there are three types of disease: vestibular, classic and cochlear. Vestibular is characterized by dizziness and balance problems (this form is diagnosed in 15-20% of cases).
In the classical form, the patient has both hearing and balance problems (diagnosed in 30% of patients). In 50% of cases, the diagnosis reveals the cochlear form, which has a hearing impairment, says Dr. Denis Slinkin.
Dr. Denis Slinkin says that the exact factors causing the disease have not been identified to this day. Doctors have several opinions about the origin of the disease.
The version that links the disease to the excess fluid (endolymphs) in the labyrinth that we have mentioned above is the one that has the greatest adherents. It puts pressure on the inner ear structures, preventing normal sound perception. As soon as the pressure in the labyrinth rises, vestibular dysfunction also occurs.